What is Sports Hernia?
Sports hernia is a common type of hernia that occurs in athletes of different sports. This occurs due to the sudden and abrupt change of movement by sportsmen who play hockey, soccer or tennis. The main cause of a sport hernia is the weakening of tendons, ligaments and muscles in the abdominal wall region of a person’s body. This type of hernia develops in the inguinal canal of the abdominal wall and thus sports hernia is also known as inguinal hernia. The abdominal wall becomes weak and a sack like structure is created. Basically, what happens in sports hernia is the weakening of a specific area, called inguinal canal, in the abdominal wall, near the groin region of a person. A pouch is made and this is how the hernia develops. Sports hernia develops in this part of the abdominal wall because it is thin, and therefore allows the hernia to occur. Otherwise, in places where the muscles are thick enough, this kind of hernia cannot develop.
Symptoms for Sports Hernia
The symptoms of sports hernia start from a pain in the groin area of an individual which eventually spreads to the genitals. Sports hernia can be detected by the pain it causes in the abdominal region of an individual. In men, this grows to the testicles and in females, to the vagina. There are also further symptoms of sports hernia like coughing and sneezing. It is important to note that sports hernia usually occurs in athletes. This is common in athletes who have to bend forward while playing or practicing, like players of hockey, tennis etc. However, sports hernia can also develop in players of football, basketball etc.
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Diagnosis for Sports Hernia:
Sports hernia is not that easy to detect and neither is it too difficult. If an athlete faces groin and genital pain continuously, he/she can consult the doctor who will provide them with all the available options, by considering the symptoms. The diagnosis usually depends on the medical history of the player, along with the examination and tests that the doctor carries out. MRI can also be conducted to confirm the diagnosis and access the situation more clearly.
Groin pain is the biggest symptom for sports hernia and this is the factor on which the diagnosis depends. It is possible that the player is facing these pains for some other reasons so a doctor has to rule out all the possibilities and then deduce which one is the most consistent one with the reports and symptoms of the individual.
Treatment for Sports Hernia
After the examination from the doctor, it is determined that how severe is the hernia. It can be treated with medicines and sometimes surgery is not required. A player is given physiotherapeutic session, anti-inflammatory medicines, bed rest and ice treatment which can cure the sports hernia. These help in relieving the patient and also curing the hernia side by side. If this does not work and the hernia has transitioned into something more serious, then the second option is surgery. Laparoscopic procedure is performed and the hernia is fixed using the incisions method.
Recovery following Surgery:
According to the statistics, sports hernia is very much curable and around 65-90 per cent of the athletes are able to join the sports again. The recovery takes around 7-8 weeks in total.
Disclaimer: Information provided in this article is for general knowledge purposes only. It is, in no means, a replacement for your doctor’s advice. Please consult your doctor and surgeon with your particular case for effective treatment and recovery of your condition.